Web 2.0 Tools to Support the Political Context, Evidence and Links Framework

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For this guide, the Political Context, Evidence and Links framework was used to flesh out strategies in utilising Web 2.0 to address the main issues above. This section specifically addresses the “What researchers need to do” portion of the framework.


What researchers need to know
What researchers need to do
How to do it
Political Context * Who are the policy makers?
  • Is there policy maker demand for new ideas?
  • What are the sources / strengths of resistance?
  • What is the policy making process?
  • What are the opportunities and timing for input into formal processes?


* Get to know the policy makers, their agendas and their constraints.
  • Identify potential supporters and opponents.
  • Keep an eye on the horizon and prepare for opportunities in regular policy processes.
  • Look out for – and react to – unexpected policy windows


* Work with the policy makers.
  • Seek commissions.
  • Line up research programmes with high-profile public policy events.
  • Reserve resources to be able to move quickly to respond to policy windows.


Evidence * What is the current theory?
  • What are the prevailing narratives?
  • How divergent is the new evidence?
  • What sort of evidence will convince policy makers?


* Establish credibility over the long term.
  • Provide practical solutions to problems.
  • Establish legitimacy.
  • Build a convincing case and present clear policy options.
  • Package new ideas in familiar theory or narratives.


* Build up programmes of high-quality work.
  • Action-research and Pilot projects to demonstrate benefits of new approaches.
  • Participatory approaches help with legitimacy and implementation.
  • Clear strategy for communication.
  • Face-to-face communication.


Links * Who are the key stakeholders?
  • What links and networks exist between them?
  • Who are the intermediaries, and do they have influence?
  • Whose side are they on?


* Get to know the other stakeholders.
  • Establish a presence in existing networks.
  • Build coalitions with like-minded stakeholders.
  • Build new policy networks.


* Partnerships between researchers, policy makers and policy end-users.
  • Identify key networkers and salesmen.
  • Use informal contacts.


Web 2.0 tools

Before diving into overview of different Web 2.0 tools and strategies they can support it is important to have in mind that this is probably the most rapidly changing area in the history of technology development. New online tools are announced almost daily and new features are being constantly added. Consequently, in couple of months the tools suggested below might not be the most appropriate ones of all existing options. Users of this guide are encouraged to look out for all new developments of tools that match the strategies and usages described below, which will not get obsolete that fast.


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Table of Contents of the iGuide

1. Introduction

2. Basic Communication Strategy and use of Web 2.0 Tools for Evidence Based Policy

3. Section 1: Political Context

4. Section 2: Evidence

5. Section 3: Links

This iGuide is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 license.

Impact 2.0 is a project of the Fundación Comunica with funding provided by the International Development Research Centre (IDRC), IDRC.jpg Ottawa, Canada.




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